PEACEBUILDING AND MENTAL HEALTH AND PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT A review of current theory and practice
The following questions guided the literature review:
1. Which theoretical models underpin existing interventions that integrate MHPSS and PB?
2. Which examples of an integrated approach to MHPSS and PB are described in the literature?
3. What are the defining characteristics of the documented approaches, which integrate MHPSS and PB?
A summary of the findings of the literature
Not surprisingly, all articles reviewed for the purpose of this study are founded on the underlying assumption that societies
can change and that successful transformation is based on a holistic, socio-ecological approach, meaning that the
individual is located in a social, political, economic, historical, spiritual and cultural context and that the broader
environment in which individuals operate and interact should be taken into account when working towards enhancing
the psychosocial well-being of individuals and communities with the aim of achieving sustainable peace. The way that
this can be reached varies, and is related to the level of intervention (individual, community, institutional, special groups,
etc.). Only a few articles combine MHPSS and PB aims in a singular and integrated approach. The vast majority of the
papers use their own field as a starting point and try to add elements from the other field; for example, in the MHPSS
field, elements of reconciliation and transformative justice are often mentioned and, in the PB field, trauma healing is a