Community-based alternative care as a strategy for protecting Burundian refugee girls and boys: a case study from Mahama camp, Rwanda

This case study describes the community-based child protection programme implemented between 2015 and 2016 with Burundian girls, boys and adults in Mahama refugee camp in Rwanda.

Between April and July 2015, over 150,000 people fled Burundi after civil unrest and violence broke out following president Nkurunziza’s announcement that he would run for a third term. Families sent their children to seek refuge in neighbouring Rwanda, while the parents stayed behind to guard their houses and belongings. As a result, over 2,000 girls and boys arrived in Mahama Refugee Camp in Rwanda without their original caregivers.

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