This group is for sharing updates, resources and coordination information relevant to the emergency response in YEMEN, in response to the activation of an IASC Level 3 (L3) Humanitarian System-Wide Emergency Response for Yemen from 1 July until the end of December 2015 (with a review in mid-September)
Please do share resources, situation reports, assessment reports, coordination updates and agency contact details in this group.
CRISIS OVERVIEW –
Armed conflict has spread rapidly across much of Yemen since mid-March 2015, with devastating consequences for civilians. Partners now estimate that 21.1 million people – 80 per cent of the population – require some form of humanitarian protection or assistance. This represents a 33 per cent increase in needs since the conflict began.
This figure includes 12.9 million people who continue to struggle with access to sufficient food; 20.4 million people who lack access to safe water or adequate sanitation; 15.2 million without access to health care. Yemen still has one of the highest rates of chronic and severe malnutrition among children with more than 850,000 children under the age of five acutely malnourished – and this figure expected to sharply rise. More than 1.8 million school-aged children lost access to school due to the conflict, with more than 3,500 schools closed due to insecurity and hundreds damaged or occupied by IDPs and armed groups. A generation of Yemeni children are at risk, with nearly 3 million in total unable to access an education due to conflict, poverty and discrimination.
Yemen’s humanitarian crisis is fuelled by conflict and widespread insecurity, large-scale displacement, civil strife, political instability, chronic food shortages, a breakdown of social services, endemic poverty, and internal and international population movements. The crisis has complex origins and varies in scale across the country. Some needs relate to conflict, but others are due to long-standing underdevelopment and lack of investment in basic social infrastructure and services, poor governance, widespread poverty and lack of access to income.
Civilians are bearing the brunt of the violence in Yemen, with conflict posing grave risks to their safety and psychosocial well-being. An estimated 12.2 million people are directly affected by the conflict, and partners estimate that 11.4 million people need protection assistance, including 7.3 million children.
The conflict has rapidly compounded the pre-existing crisis in Yemen, which stemmed mainly from years of poverty, under-development and weak state authority and rule of law, including human rights violations and other abuse. The conflict is also reversing gains made in recent years that had seen estimates of people in need in several sectors largely stabilize or decrease – including food security, nutrition, shelter, early recovery and education.
More than 1 million people are internally displaced in Yemen. With displacement has come a specific range of protection concerns and basic needs, both for the displaced and for the communities hosting some of them. (OCHA, July 2015)
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